For your ease

Small Useful Tips

Small Useful Tips

For your ease

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8 Natural Weight Loss Home Remedies | Truweight

8 Natural Weight Loss Home Remedies | Truweight

Natural weight loss is the best approach as anything in harmony with nature brings out the best. We generally misunderstand that weight loss is effectively achieved by going to the gym, exercising outside or practicing weight loss clinics or centers. But Weight loss begins at home. And […]

7 Interview Tips That Will Help You Get Hired

7 Interview Tips That Will Help You Get Hired

Even when you have gone on more interviews than you can count, job interviewing never seems to get any easier. With each job interview, you are meeting new people, selling yourself and your skills, and often getting the third degree about what you know or […]

25 Best Homemade Beauty Tips for Fairness Skin

25 Best Homemade Beauty Tips for Fairness Skin

Flawless skin is what people want. There are basic thing like using a face pack to get rid of acne scars, or any other patches or uneven skin tone and these should be followed regularly. People often start out on a new routine and then they cannot do that properly everyday which is what can be a cause for re occurrence of the same facial problems. People can also take regular facials from parlours which can be of various types.

The new age has brought with itself a whole new scope for viewing oneself, possibly even changing the way one looks. The latest craze for this generation is well inclined upon how distractedly beautiful one can be and in the race to achieve that people often have opted for cosmetic ailments, basically a try to make themselves look better.

A constant need to lighten and brighten your skin tone is a dominant factor especially in the tropical countries where the only ideal solution to making yourself look better starts with increasing the skin tone complexion to a lighter possibly clearer texture.

The commercial market has in the present decade brought out many a cosmetic ailment, a cream each for all your problems, be it wrinkles or under eye bags, be it spots and freckles or simply tan patches. These cosmetic ailments always have promised uptight and fast recovery from your problems only to realize the problem still persists if you stop applying them.

Beauty Tips For Fairness Skin

People with aging surface can use gold facials while people who have dull complexion they can take anti oxidant or fruit facials which can also be done at home. Common fruits like oranges, or apples can be used or even guava and banana to give an anti oxidant rich facial. These however should be done with proper knowledge. If a person does not know the massaging technique, it is a good idea to go to a parlour and then get these done or learn the technique because these can lead to uneven sagging of the texture especially if the person has less elasticity.

There are other important and basic things like having a healthy living is very important. What people usually have in their diet usually shows outside easily. If a person eats a lot of junk foods or has excessive of alcohol, these are not only injurious to the health and cause obesity over time or excess fat deposition but also these can affect the epidermal layers. Excessive of burgers or even the Pepsi can be quite harmful if not done in less amounts. Therefore there are a number of things that we eat has a direct impact on the epidermal elasticity, how much sebum gets secreted and also how badly it affects.

Fair skin 1

Having a good exercise regime is also very important. This can even be a brisk walking or doing normal chores of the house. These are often important and neglected. If a person watches excess of the television and does less to less work then that person can get obese and may also not get a proper blood circulation. These can also lead to health problems and toxin deposition which can lead to other severe health problems like anxiety and being obese. In fact, obesity is one of the wide causes for which most obese people can be seen to have bad skin texture.

Daily Routines For Fair Skin:

Below are the simple and natural homemade beauty tips for fairness skin that should be regularly done and followed to have flawless fair skin.

A) To Have A Good Balanced Diet:

To have a good balanced diet

It is important to have a good balanced diet which contains good sources of Vitamins. Along with these vitamins can also be obtained in good amounts from nuts like apricots, cashew nuts and also from ground vegetables like carrot and pumpkins. Proteins should also constitute a moderate portion of the everyday diet.

B) To Avoid Oily Food:

oil food for fair skin

Excess oily food can cause the excess of sebum production and this can lead to patchy surface. This can also cause the sun burns due to excess deposition of oil on the surface. Therefore these should be controlled.

C) Having Enough Water:

Skin care tips - Woman water

This is a very important thing that many people do not properly follow. The proper amount of water can lead to proper digestion. Proper digestion can help the nutrients from food get absorbed better.

D) Exercising:

ball exercises verious

This is another important thing which should be properly followed. This can be yoga like doing various postures which leads to more blood circulation and this can also be some type of brisk walking or something like running or sprinting. These are quite helpful. A person can also do cycling which is often seen as a very good method of blood circulation.

E) Sleep:

Take Proper Sleep

This is a very important thing that should be done in proper amounts. Sleep relieves the muscles and this gives relaxation from anxiety or stress. Enough sleep can help the body absorb nutrients.

F) Less Caffeine Intake:

Less caffeine intake

Excess of tea or coffee or even alcohol or tobacco can lead to deposition of toxins in the body.

G) Exfoliation:

Exfoliation bridal

This is a very important thing that many people avoid. This helps to get rid of any dead and damaged upper cells. This helps in taking the dirt and grime away and also helps in new cell production.

H) Getting A Proper Makeup:

Makeup Tips

It is important to use less oily makeup which does not clog pores. Using less oil based products is also a good option.

Best Homemade Beauty Tips For Fairness Skin:

Below are the top 25 essential and natural homemade beauty tips for fairness skin that people should definitely try out and follow on a regular basis.

1. Avocado And Rice Powder Mask:

This is not only a mask but this is also an exfoliator. This is very good for people having dry and sagging surface. People who has dryness and needs Moisturization they can benefit with this. The powder will help to exfoliate and the avocado contains excellent moisturising properties. These can be very helpful.

Avacado glowing skin
  • People can mix about 1 cup of pulp of avocado which should be ripe and to this about half a teaspoon of grained rice powder.
  • This should be applied normally and then after 20 minutes, this should be washed off by scrubbing in gentle motions.
  • The mask will soften the surface and then it can be scrubbed easily.
  • This should be done as per requirement which can be twice a week.

2. Lemon Juice And Olive Oil Massage For Fairness Skin:

This is very good for those having sagging and old surface. This can be good for those who have clogged pores because warm olive oil will help to open the ores. At the same time, the lemon juice helps to mildly bleach the surface and give a glowing effect.

olive
  • About 1 teaspoon of good brand olive oil can be taken and slightly warmed up.
  • To this about 1 teaspoon of fresh lemon juice can be mixed.
  • Then this can be massaged on for about 6 minutes and then washed off with a cleanser.
  • However, this should not be done regularly.
  • This should only be done a few times a week.
  • This should be avoided or the lemon juice used in less quantity if these is irritating to the person using this.

3. Tea Bag Soak For Tired Eyes:

This is a very popular method to soothe the tired eyes. People having dry or dullness around the eyelids, can try soaking tea bags in warm water and then take these to get chilled in the refrigerator.

tea bags for fair skin

Then these can be put directly over the area and then the person can lie down for about 15 minutes. This is the treatment time. Then the eyes and also the surrounding area will feel freshen. This can regularly be followed to get rid of any patches or even bags.

4. Apple And Honey Pack For Fairness Skin:

This is a moisturizing and anti oxidant mixture. This can be used even when a person is doing fruit facial. This can be a good thing for a paste that can make a person freshen. This rejuvenated and also makes dull surface to improve the complexion. The honey is also anti bacterial and therefore can be good for those having rashes. It is also good for those who need excessive Moisturization. This can be quite helpful to them.

apples glowing skin
  • The apples can be peeled and then grated.
  • The juice can be squeezed out and then mixed with honey about 2 tablespoons or as per requirement.
  • This can be applied for about 20 minutes and then washed off.
  • The antioxidants will get soaked and give freshness.

5. Turmeric And Gram Flour:

This is a very popular agent. Both have excellent cleansing and complexion improving properties. This has been used for generations for various types of occasions. This is used on the whole body of traditional people. Many people still like using this. Both the ingredients are quite easy to find. These are the usual kitchen ingredients. These can be easily bought from the local shops and even the markets. A good quality and grained gram flour is essential or else there could be rashes or infections. Some people are allergic to gram flour and use of turmeric can also give a tingling sensation or burning. This usually happens if there are some abrasions on the surface. The turmeric burning is normal as this contains anti septic and anti bacterial properties. In case this is very irritating or gives further rashes, this should not be used.

Gram Flour Pack

In general, this is a normal mixture which anyone can apply and suits most skin types. Even sensitive surface people can use this.

  • To prepare the mixture, about 2 tablespoons of gram flour should be mixed with about a pinch of turmeric.
  • Then these should be mixed with either plain water or warm milk for those having dryness.
  • This should be applied for about 30 minutes.
  • To increase the effectiveness, after this is washed with water, a person can do a normal night cream massaging which can further boost the cell regeneration.

6. Oatmeal And Honey For Fairness Skin:

This is another popular ingredient that can be used to give glow. This can be quite easy to make as well. A person should know that oatmeal also has excellent properties of deep cleansing and getting the dry dead cells out.

Honey
  • About half a cup of soaked and ground to a paste oatmeal can be used and then to this about half a teaspoon of honey can be mixed and then this can be used for about 15 minutes.
  • This should be removed by scrubbing circular movements.
  • Then this can be washed off and a person can use a face wash followed by a toner.

7. Mango And Honey For Fairness Skin:

Mango is a very moisturizing fruit. However the leaf portion should not be used as this contains itching substance which often gives tingling sensation and can lead to rashes. The pulp excepting for this area can be separated and used. The honey also gives anti bacterial and moisturizing and mild bleaching effects.

Diet for glowing skin - mangoes
  • About ½ cup of mango pulp can be used with about ½ table spoon of good brand honey and mixed.
  • A person can apply this and lie down for about 15 minutes.
  • Then this can be washed off.
  • The mango is also rich in anti oxidants and has vitamin C and other Vitamins which can be quite helpful.

8. Turmeric And Aloe Vera:

Aloe Vera is very effective as a moisturizer and also it has anti bacterial properties. However this is not bleach. But for people with dryness, this can be very helpful. Turmeric is rich in brightening properties and is a very popular kitchen ingredient. A person can easily find turmeric in the kitchen. Turmeric can be a good thing that can be used for fighting off any germs. It has germicidal and anti bacterial properties which can be useful in this.

Diff aloevera gels
  • About half a cup of good brand aloe gel can be purchased.
  • This can be mixed with about half a pinch of turmeric powder.
  • This can be mixed and then this can be massaged for about 5 minutes.
  • This should be left for about 10 more minutes and then this can be washed with a cotton ball soaked in warm water.
  • Then a toner can be used.

9. Orange Juice, Turmeric And Gram Flour:

Natural beauty tips - tumeric

Orange juice is a very vitamin C rich bleaching agent. This is less harsh than lemon but this is better bleaching agent than tomato juice. People who are not allergic to the citrus juices application, they can try this out.

  • About a pinch of turmeric to a few tablespoons of fresh orange juice and a few tablespoons of good brand gram flour can be mixed.
  • This will give a mixture that can be applied for about 15 minutes.
  • Then this can be washed off. With regular usage, this will give rejuvenation, freshness and also bleaching.

10. Aloe Vera And Lavender Oil Mixture:

Lavender oil

Aloe Vera is a very moisturizing agent. This is good for those having sagging surface. Lavender oil has calming properties. This relaxes people who have trouble sleeping or has anxiety.

  • A few drops of lavender essence or oil can be mixed with Aloe gel from a good brand and then this can be mixed.
  • This should be applied for about 15 minutes a few times a week.
  • This can be washed with cotton soaked in water.
  • Then toner can be used.
  • This gives a clearer complexion.
  • This is one of the best and perfect homemade beauty tips for fairness skin.

11. Banana And Egg Pack For Fairness Skin:

Banana

This is a very good mixture especially for those having dryness. They can use banana. This is a very mucous like moisturizer which also soothes from inside. The eggs help fight rashes and also give moisturizing.

  • About half a ripe banana can be mashed.
  • Then to this about 2 tablespoons of raw egg beaten can be used.
  • This can be used with a brush and then kept for about 15 minutes.
  • Then this can be washed with the help of water and then toner can be used.

See More:  How To Maintain Healthy Skin

12. Oatmeal, Tomato Juice With Honey:

Oatmeal with tomato juice can give a very good cleansing. The oats scrub and exfoliate whereas the tomato juice can give a mild bleaching effect. This is also very economic and an easy option for many people so people use the tomato juices an immediate cleansing and soothing. The honey gives moisturizing.

Tomato juice (2)
  •  About a few teaspoons of oatmeal can be soaked and ground to a paste.
  • This can be then used with a few teaspoons of tomato juice and raw good quality honey.
  • This should be applied for about a few minutes.
  • Then this can be washed off with scrubbing movements.
  • After that toner should be used. Moisturizer can be avoided because honey is being used.

13. Mint Leaves With Yogurt Mask:

Mint leaves are known for their cooling effect. This can make the complexion brighter. These also have anti bacterial properties and the properties of a toner. This can be good for people with sagging layers and clogged pores. Yogurt is a very good bleaching agent and this is mild and not very harsh to use like lemon juice.

Remedies for dark cirlces - mint leave
  • About a handful of fresh mint leaves can be made into a paste and then applied with about half a cup of yogurt which is beaten and water has been taken out from it.
  • This can be used for about 15 minutes and then washed off.

14. Turmeric, Cucumber Juice And Oatmeal:

Fruit and veg juices (3)

Turmeric and oatmeal both work as cleansing and scrubbing agents. These are very helpful to make the spots to get normalized. Cucumber juice can give a soothing effect and also a toning.

  • Half a cup of mashed oatmeal can be used for this with 2 tablespoons of juice of cucumber and a pinch of turmeric.
  • Then this can be used on face.
  • This should be done a few times a week and then scrubbed with circular motions.
  • Then this should be washed off with plain water.

See More:  How To Get Fair Skin Quickly

15. Egg Pack With Gram Flour And Baking Soda, Fruits:

This is a very fruity and very effective pack. This can also make the surface glow very much. This can also get a person rid of the rashes and any other facial problems of irritations. Egg beaten and used on pimples can treat these. In some cases this can be a good treatment for those if a person is not allergic to raw eggs. If a person is allergic to raw eggs, then they can combine gram flour with baking soda in the same process and fruits of choice and make this in same ratios. Baking soda in itself does not irritate the surface, unless the a person is extremely sensitive. At the same time, this treats bacterial infections on the surface which is a common problem for many people these days. Therefore this is a mixture basically for those who have the problem of getting rashes or irritations. They can benefit from using this.

baking soda 854

Fruits can be of any choice. A person can make a pulp of guava or papaya both of which can make the surface glow. Apples or even tomato juice can be used for this. Even cucumber juice can be good. However, the pulp of juice should be made into a paste which is not extremely watery and neither extremely dry. It is also advisable to use not use more than a type of fruit.

  • The fruit of choice can be made into a pulp and this can be taken about 2 table spoons.
  • If this is a liquid and juice has been taken out, then this can be taken about 4 tablespoon or as much required.
  • The egg should be beaten and only about 6 tablespoons of this should be taken.
  • Gram flour can be used to make the consistency suitable for use.
  • Whole wheat can also be used.
  • To this use about 1 tablespoon of baking soda.
  • This can be taken about half a tablespoon if there is any form of allergic irritation.
  • Then a brush can be used to use on the face.
  • The person should stay lied down for 15 minutes and let the mixture sit on the surface.
  • Then this can be washed with a medicated cleanser.

See More: How To Get Fair And Glowing Skin For Men

16. Scrub Away For Fairness Skin:

Scrub

Scrubbing is an integral part of skin lightening where the scrub often made of grainy ingredient helps you relax your skin whilst improving blood circulation while the coarse face pack draws out the underlying dirt and moisture and cleanses and clears up your face. To make a good homemade scrub simply use grained sugar and salt with a tea spoon of yogurt to make a mixture. Massage well before washing off.

17. Almond Mask For Fairness Skin:

Almond Mask

Fairness tips and nuts go well together as the goodness and the nutrition of the nuts overcome the tan patches and the dark under eye bags. To add almond to your beauty diet soak a handful of almonds in milk at the starting of the day. towards the end of the night you can mash the almonds which will be soft now and make them into a paste for your face pack.

18. Lemon Honey Pack For Fairness Skin:

Lemon Honey Pack

Lemon is considered a good exfoliator as the citrus in it seeks and clears out the dirt and lightens the skin from the dermal layers. Honey is considered a natural soother that brings a warm glow to your skin. so why not mix these two for good homemade beauty tips for fairness. Squeeze some lime or lemon with some honey and use it as a pack.

19. Potato And Cucumber:

Potato And Cucumber

Potato much like lemon and lime contains within itself exfoliation powers that helps lighten the dark patches in your skin. Cucumber also a good cooling agent adds a refreshed clear glow to the dulled texture of your face. Use potato juice and mashed cucumber for your face is really a good option.

20. Cinnamon Honey For Fairness Skin:

Cinnamon Honey

A pinch of cinnamon is all that is needed for tips to become fair. Honey as mentioned before is a natural healer that adds a glow to your skin while decoding pigmentation and unnecessary tanning. Cinnamon, just a pinch of it works wonders as it clarifies your skin and lightens the dark patches.

21. Fuller’s Earth:

Fuller’s Earth

Fuller’s earth or what we call multanni mitti is a natural face pack product often found in lumpsome or powdered form. You can avail this from any of your drug or cosmetic stores nearby. Beauty tips for fair skin never came in such a easy routine where all you do is make a paste of the fuller’s earth probably with some water and apply it for fifteen minutes every night.

22. Tomato And Curd Paste For Fairness Skin:

Tomato And Curd Paste

Tomato much like potato is a natural skin cleanser that allows your sin to open up the clogged pores so that it can breath fine and be healthy. It also is regarded as a good skin complexion lightener, the curd in the pack just helping you get that fresh feel while it soothes down the tan patches and dark spots.

23. Saffron And Milk Cleanser For Fairness Skin:

Saffron And Milk Cleanser

Saffron is often linked in with fairness as the color itself is used as a metaphor for fair skin. saffron and milk makes a tight face cleanser combination.

24. Bread Crumbs And Butter Milk:

Bread Crumbs And Butter Milk

Bread crumbs soaked overnight in milk and made into a paste for a early morning face brightening ritual is a good tips for fair skin. It is one of the popular homemade beauty tips for fairness skin.

25. Steam It Clear:

Steam It Clear

One of the easiest way to get a clear and fair skin within minutes it to opt for a face sauna where you hover over a warm water bowl possibly with a few drops of essential oil in it as you lock in the area with a overhead towel and allow the steam to make wonders on your face. Steaming is always best beauty tip for fairness skin.

Top 10 foods for healthy eyes

Top 10 foods for healthy eyes

People often believe that failing eyesight is an inevitable result of aging or eye strain. In truth, a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of eye health problems. The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), published in 2001, found that certain nutrients — zinc, copper, vitamin C, vitamin […]

5 Career Tips You NEED to Hear

5 Career Tips You NEED to Hear

Ambitious workers are always looking for a great career tip that will help them grab the corporate ring. While the following tips aren’t your run-of-the-mill pieces of career advice, they’ll help you launch a successful, lucrative career. 1. Focus on professional success before looking for […]

9 security tips to protect your website from hackers

9 security tips to protect your website from hackers

You may not think your site has anything worth being hacked for, but websites are compromised all the time. The majority of website security breaches are not to steal your data or mess with your website layout, but instead attempts to use your server as an email relay for spam, or to set up a temporary web server, normally to serve files of an illegal nature. Other very common ways to abuse compromised machines include using your servers as part of a botnet, or to mine for Bitcoins. You could even be hit by ransomware. 

Hacking is regularly performed by automated scripts written to scour the internet in an attempt to exploit known website security issues in software. Here are our top nine tips to help keep you and your site safe online.

01. Keep software up to date

It may seem obvious, but ensuring you keep all software up to date is vital in keeping your site secure. This applies to both the server operating system and any software you may be running on your website such as a CMS or forum. When website security holes are found in software, hackers are quick to attempt to abuse them.

If you are using a managed hosting solution then you don’t need to worry so much about applying security updates for the operating system as the hosting company should take care of this.

If you are using third-party software on your website such as a CMS or forum, you should ensure you are quick to apply any security patches. Most vendors have a mailing list or RSS feed detailing any website security issues. WordPress, Umbraco and many other CMSes notify you of available system updates when you log in.

Many developers use tools like Composer, npm, or RubyGems to manage their software dependencies, and security vulnerabilities appearing in a package you depend on but aren’t paying any attention to is one of the easiest ways to get caught out. Ensure you keep your dependencies up to date, and use tools like Gemnasium to get automatic notifications when a vulnerability is announced in one of your components.

02. Watch out for SQL injection

SQL injection attacks are when an attacker uses a web form field or URL parameter to gain access to or manipulate your database. When you use standard Transact SQL it is easy to unknowingly insert rogue code into your query that could be used to change tables, get information and delete data. You can easily prevent this by always using parameterised queries, most web languages have this feature and it is easy to implement.

Consider this query:

"SELECT * FROM table WHERE column = '" + parameter + "';"

If an attacker changed the URL parameter to pass in ‘ or ‘1’=’1 this will cause the query to look like this:

"SELECT * FROM table WHERE column = '' OR '1'='1';"

Since ‘1’ is equal to ‘1’ this will allow the attacker to add an additional query to the end of the SQL statement which will also be executed.

You could fix this query by explicitly parameterising it. For example, if you’re using MySQLi in PHP this should become:

$stmt = $pdo->prepare('SELECT * FROM table WHERE column = :value');
$stmt->execute(array('value' => $parameter));

03. Protect against XSS attacks

Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks inject malicious JavaScript into your pages, which then runs in the browsers of your users, and can change page content, or steal information to send back to the attacker. For example, if you show comments on a page without validation, then an attacker might submit comments containing script tags and JavaScript, which could run in every other user’s browser and steal their login cookie, allowing the attack to take control of the account of every user who viewed the comment. You need to ensure that users cannot inject active JavaScript content into your pages.

This is a particular concern in modern web applications, where pages are now built primarily from user content, and which in many cases generate HTML that’s then also interpreted by front-end frameworks like Angular and Ember. These frameworks provide many XSS protections, but mixing server and client rendering creates new and more complicated attack avenues too: not only is injecting JavaScript into the HTML effective, but you can also inject content that will run code by inserting Angular directives, or using Ember helpers.

The key here is to focus on how your user-generated content could escape the bounds you expect and be interpreted by the browser as something other that what you intended. This is similar to defending against SQL injection. When dynamically generating HTML, use functions that explicitly make the changes you’re looking for (e.g. use element.setAttribute and element.textContent, which will be automatically escaped by the browser, rather than setting element.innerHTML by hand), or use functions in your templating tool that automatically do appropriate escaping, rather than concatenating strings or setting raw HTML content.

Another powerful tool in the XSS defender’s toolbox is Content Security Policy (CSP). CSP is a header your server can return which tells the browser to limit how and what JavaScript is executed in the page, for example to disallow running of any scripts not hosted on your domain, disallow inline JavaScript, or disable eval(). Mozilla has an excellent guide with some example configurations. This makes it harder for an attacker’s scripts to work, even if they can get them into your page.

04. Beware of error messages

Be careful with how much information you give away in your error messages. Provide only minimal errors to your users, to ensure they don’t leak secrets present on your server (e.g. API keys or database passwords). Don’t provide full exception details either, as these can make complex attacks like SQL injection far easier. Keep detailed errors in your server logs, and show users only the information they need.

05. Validate on both sides

Validation should always be done both on the browser and server side. The browser can catch simple failures like mandatory fields that are empty and when you enter text into a numbers only field. These can however be bypassed, and you should make sure you check for these validation and deeper validation server side as failing to do so could lead to malicious code or scripting code being inserted into the database or could cause undesirable results in your website.

06. Check your passwords

Everyone knows they should use complex passwords, but that doesn’t mean they always do. It is crucial to use strong passwords to your server and website admin area, but equally also important to insist on good password practices for your users to protect the security of their accounts.

As much as users may not like it, enforcing password requirements such as a minimum of around eight characters, including an uppercase letter and number will help to protect their information in the long run.

Passwords should always be stored as encrypted values, preferably using a one way hashing algorithm such as SHA. Using this method means when you are authenticating users you are only ever comparing encrypted values. For extra website security it is a good idea to salt the passwords, using a new salt per password.

In the event of someone hacking in and stealing your passwords, using hashed passwords could help damage limitation, as decrypting them is not possible. The best someone can do is a dictionary attack or brute force attack, essentially guessing every combination until it finds a match. When using salted passwords, the process of cracking a large number of passwords is even slower as every guess has to be hashed separately for every salt + password which is computationally very expensive.

Thankfully, many CMSes provide user management out of the box with a lot of these website security features built in, although some configuration or extra modules might be required to use salted passwords (pre Drupal 7) or to set the minimum password strength. If you are using .NET then it’s worth using membership providers as they are very configurable, provide inbuilt website security and include readymade controls for login and password reset.

07. Avoid file uploads

Allowing users to upload files to your website can be a big website security risk, even if it’s simply to change their avatar. The risk is that any file uploaded, however innocent it may look, could contain a script that when executed on your server, completely opens up your website.

If you have a file upload form then you need to treat all files with great suspicion. If you are allowing users to upload images, you cannot rely on the file extension or the mime type to verify that the file is an image as these can easily be faked. Even opening the file and reading the header, or using functions to check the image size are not foolproof. Most images formats allow storing a comment section that could contain PHP code that could be executed by the server.

So what can you do to prevent this? Ultimately you want to stop users from being able to execute any file they upload. By default web servers won’t attempt to execute files with image extensions, but don’t rely solely on checking the file extension as a file with the name image.jpg.php has been known to get through.

Some options are to rename the file on upload to ensure the correct file extension, or to change the file permissions, for example, chmod 0666 so it can’t be executed. If using *nix, you could create a .htaccess file (see below) that will only allow access to set files preventing the double extension attack mentioned earlier.

deny from all
    <Files ~ "^\w+\.(gif|jpe?g|png)$">
    order deny,allow
    allow from all
    </Files>

Ultimately, the recommended solution is to prevent direct access to uploaded files altogether. This way, any files uploaded to your website are stored in a folder outside of the webroot or in the database as a blob. If your files are not directly accessible you will need to create a script to fetch the files from the private folder (or an HTTP handler in .NET) and deliver them to the browser. Image tags support an src attribute that is not a direct URL to an image, so your src attribute can point to your file delivery script providing you set the correct content type in the HTTP header. For example:

<img src="/imageDelivery.php?id=1234" />
     
<?php
      // imageDelivery.php
     
      // Fetch image filename from database based on $_GET["id"]
      ...
     
      // Deliver image to browser
       Header('Content-Type: image/gif');
      readfile('images/'.$fileName);  
     
?>

Most hosting providers deal with the server configuration for you, but if you are hosting your website on your own server then there are few things you will want to check.

Ensure you have a firewall setup, and are blocking all non essential ports. If possible setting up a DMZ (Demilitarised Zone) only allowing access to port 80 and 443 from the outside world. Although this might not be possible if you don’t have access to your server from an internal network as you would need to open up ports to allow uploading files and to remotely log in to your server over SSH or RDP.

If you are allowing files to be uploaded from the Internet only use secure transport methods to your server such as SFTP or SSH.

If possible have your database running on a different server to that of your web server. Doing this means the database server cannot be accessed directly from the outside world, only your web server can access it, minimising the risk of your data being exposed.

Finally, don’t forget about restricting physical access to your server.

08. Use HTTPS

HTTPS is a protocol used to provide security over the Internet. HTTPS guarantees  that users are talking to the server they expect, and that nobody else can intercept or change the content they’re seeing in transit.

If you have anything that your users might want private, it’s highly advisable to use only HTTPS to deliver it. That of course means credit card and login pages (and the URLs they submit to) but typically far more of your site too. A login form will often set a cookie for example, which is sent with every other request to your site that a logged-in user makes, and is used to authenticate those requests. An attacker stealing this would be able to perfectly imitate a user and take over their login session. To defeat these kind of attacks, you almost always want to use HTTPS for your entire site.

That’s no longer as tricky or expensive as it once was. Let’s Encrypt provides totally free and automated certificates, which you’ll need to enable HTTPS, and there are existing community tools available for a wide range of common platforms and frameworks to automatically set this up for you.

Notably Google have announced that they will boost you up in the search rankings if you use HTTPS, giving this an SEO benefit too. Insecure HTTP is on its way out, and now’s the time to upgrade.

Already using HTTPS everywhere? Go further and look at setting up HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS), an easy header you can add to your server responses to disallow insecure HTTP for your entire domain.

09. Get website security tools

Once you think you have done all you can then it’s time to test your website security. The most effective way of doing this is via the use of some website security tools, often referred to as penetration testing or pen testing for short.

There are many commercial and free products to assist you with this. They work on a similar basis to scripts hackers in that they test all know exploits and attempt to compromise your site using some of the previous mentioned methods such as SQL Injection.

Some free tools that are worth looking at:

  • Netsparker (Free community edition and trial version available). Good for testing SQL injection and XSS
  • OpenVAS Claims to be the most advanced open source security scanner. Good for testing known vulnerabilities, currently scans over 25,000. But it can be difficult to setup and requires a OpenVAS server to be installed which only runs on *nix. OpenVAS is fork of a Nessusbefore it became a closed-source commercial product.
  • SecurityHeaders.io (free online check). A tool to quickly report which security headers mentioned above (such as CSP and HSTS) a domain has enabled and correctly configured.
  • Xenotix XSS Exploit Framework A tool from OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project) that includes a huge selection of XSS attack examples, which you can run to quickly confirm whether your site’s inputs are vulnerable in Chrome, Firefox and IE.

The results from automated tests can be daunting, as they present a wealth of potential issues. The important thing is to focus on the critical issues first. Each issue reported normally comes with a good explanation of the potential vulnerability. You will probably find that some of the medium/low issues aren’t a concern for your site.

There are some further steps you can take to manually try to compromise your site by altering POST/GET values. A debugging proxy can assist you here as it allows you to intercept the values of an HTTP request between your browser and the server. A popular freeware application called Fiddler is a good starting point.

So what should you be trying to alter on the request? If you have pages which should only be visible to a logged in user then try changing URL parameters such as user id, or cookie values in an attempt to view details of another user. Another area worth testing are forms, changing the POST values to attempt to submit code to perform XSS or uploading a server side script.

6 Tips for Eye Health and Maintaining Good Eyesight

6 Tips for Eye Health and Maintaining Good Eyesight

Don’t take your eyes for granted. Take these easy steps to keep your peepers healthy. 1. Eat Well Good eye health starts with the food on your plate. Nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems like macular degeneration and cataracts. To get them, fill your plate […]

10 Internet tips and tricks

10 Internet tips and tricks

The Internet is a vast and powerful resource and can be overwhelming for some users. Below we have provided our top 10 tips and tricks for utilizing the Internet and an Internet browser. Take advantage of tabbed browsing Take full advantage of tabbed browsingon all Internet […]

26 All Natural Beauty Tips For Any Skin Type

26 All Natural Beauty Tips For Any Skin Type

I’m excited to share with my top 26 natural beauty tips that I’ve learned over the years doing skincare research and in naturopathic medical practice.

These are super easy to do at home with just a few ingredients.

As an alternative to expensive, invasive procedures and toxic skincare ingredients, I’m sharing these do-it-yourself tips to help you save time, money, and your health.

And, the best part is you’re using the healing powers of nature and supporting your body’s innate healing capacities to look naturally beautiful.

1. Eliminate Tired Puffy Eyes With Chilled Tea Bags

Natural Beauty Tips For Tired Puffy Eyes


Briefly steep 2 green, black, or chamomile tea bags in hot water for less than a minute. Then remove the tea bags from the water and chill in a small bowl in the refrigerator. Once chilled, place 1 bag over each closed eyelid. Leave on your lids for 5 to 15 minutes. Watch this video if you’d like to see me explain this.

2. Use Raspberries And Coconut Oil For Brighter Lips

Natural Beauty Tips For Brighter Lips


In a small saucepan on low heat, warm 1 Tablespoon coconut oil until it liquefies. Remove from heat and add 4 fresh or frozen red raspberries. Mash berries and blend until smooth. Place in a small glass container and refrigerate until firm. Use clean fingers or a lipgloss brush to smooth over lips. Make this fresh every few days.

3. Get A Natural Face Lift With Simple Yoga Poses

Natural Beauty Tips For A Natural Lift And Vitality


Doing inverted postures before pictures, interviews, and meetings can improve circulation and help give your face some extra lift and vitality. You perform the “downward dog” yoga pose by getting on the floor on your hands and knees and then straightening your legs. Or, simply bend forward and reach towards your toes. Stay in one of these positions as long as you feel comfortable, for about 1 to 5 minutes. If you have physical limitations such as injuries or back pain, check with your healthcare provider about how to modify this posture. Here are 7 different poses you can do for glowing skin.

4. Get Soft, Kissable Skin With A Natural Pomegranate, Raspberry, and Sweet Almond Oil Blend

Natural Beauty Tips To Turn Dry Skin Into Luminous Soft Skin


Naturally hydrate dry skin and add an extra glow to the end of your skincare routine by creating a natural antioxidant-rich oil blend. Apply after cleansing or after putting on makeup. Mix together equal parts Pomegranate seed oil, Raspberry seed oil, and Sweet Almond Oil, or get the already made The Spa Dr. Glow Boost.

Place 3 to 6 drops of the oil mixture in the palm of your hand, rub your hands together to warm the oils. Then, with your fingertips gently press the warm oil into dry areas of your face or areas where you have fine lines and wrinkles.

5. Reduce Skin Creases By Changing Your Pillowcase

Natural Beauty Tips To Reduce Skin Creases


Instead of coarser fabrics, choose a pillowcase that is soft and silky to decrease the friction and skin compression that occurs while you sleep and leaves you with extra lines in the morning. If you sleep on your side, try switching sides occasionally or sleeping on your back, so your face doesn’t wrinkle over time from pressure in certain areas. But, don’t stress about this… ultimately, you want to be comfortable because high-quality sleep is essential for natural beauty. Here are some other beauty sleep tips from my friend Kathy Smith.

6. Hydrate Dry Skin With Coconut Water

Natural Beauty Tips To Hydrate Dry Skin


Start your morning with a glass of fresh unsweetened coconut water. And, throughout the day, drink filtered water. At meals include skin-hydrating foods such as wild salmon, avocado, olives, and coconut.

7. Prevent Sun Damaged Skin By Eating Wild Salmon

Natural Beauty Tips For Glowing Skin And To Prevent Sun Damage


Astaxanthin is a potent antioxidant that helps protect skin from the harmful effects of UVA sun damage, acting almost like an internal sunblock. It’s found in seafood such as salmon, krill, shrimp, lobster, crabs, and crayfish. You can also get astaxanthin through supplements.

Enjoy several servings per week of wild salmon and seafood and consider taking a supplement every day, especially during sunny times of the year. You also want to protect your skin on the outside with a natural sun protector.

8. Remove Dead Skin And Revitalize Your Face With An Organic Papaya Mask

Natural Beauty Tips To Remove Dead Skin


Many exfoliants contain abrasive ingredients that scratch your skin, which may damage the skin and speed signs of aging. Instead, it’s better to use an enzymatic exfoliant. Papaya contains the natural enzyme papain, and pineapple contains the enzyme bromelain, which helps naturally exfoliate the skin to leave it smooth and soft. Greener (unripe) papayas have higher amounts of papain, so opt for these to get the best benefit. If you have sensitive skin, use ripe papayas as they are less likely to trigger an inflammatory reaction.

Scoop out a ¼ cup raw papaya flesh and mash or blend with 1 Tablespoon fresh pineapple until smooth. Apply to dry skin and leave on for 5 to 15 minutes. Then rinse with cool water. If you have sensitive skin, do a patch test on your arm before applying to face.

The alpha hydroxy acids and the enzymes in this recipe dissolve dry, dead skin. You only need to do this once or twice per week.

9. Turn Mineral Makeup Powder Into A Natural Sunblock

Natural Beauty Tips To Create A Natural Beauty Sunblock


Use tinted mineral sunblock instead of foundation or mix your favorite mineral makeup powder with a sunblock like this one for a natural makeup that is light and protects your skin from the sun’s damaging effects. Mineral-based (zinc oxide) sunblocks sometimes appear white and pasty so adding a mineral makeup tint helps your skin look glowing and smooth. Watch this video tutorial to see how.

10. Hydrate And Nourish Lips With Shea Butter

Natural Beauty Tips That Hydrate And Nourish Lips


Traditional chapsticks contain petrolatum, mineral oil, and hormone-disrupting oxybenzone. Replace these with nourishing natural ingredients such as shea butter (or cocoa butter) and coconut oil. Make your own lip salve using equal parts of these ingredients or follow my friend Katie’s (Wellness Mama) DIY recipe here.

11. Get Clear Radiant Skin By Cutting Sugar Out

Natural Beauty Tips For Clear Radiant Skin


Sugar is the biggest contributor to inflammation that shows up on the skin as acne, dry itchy skin, and wrinkles. Try cutting sugar from your diet for 10 days, especially if you have an important day coming up and want to look your best.

12. Reduce Fine Lines And Wrinkles With Bone Broth

Natural Beauty Tips To Reduce Fine Lines And Wrinkles


Collagen helps give our skin its tone and is crucial for reducing fine lines and wrinkles. Since production naturally depletes as we age, consider taking a high-quality collagen supplement from a clean source. Bone broth and gelatin contain collagen, and vitamin C helps with collagen production. My colleague Dr. KellyAnn Petrucci loves bone broth and she shares how it can make you look younger.

13. Cleanse Your Skin With Almond Oil

Natural Beauty Tips To Cleanse Your Skin


Switch from bar to liquid soap that doesn’t lather. Instead of stripping your skin with foamy cleansers, nourish your skin while you cleanse for a healthy clean glow. You can use oils such as argan and almond oil to cleanse the skin naturally or use a natural cleanser. You can learn more about cleansing in this video.

14. Stop Dark Circles Under Your Eyes With Arnica

Natural Beauty Tips That Stop Dark Under Eye Circles


If you have chronic under eye circles, you may have “allergic shiners” which indicate a food or environmental allergy. Try to identify any possible allergens and avoid them for 10 days to see if you notice a difference. If you wake up with an occasional darkness under your eyes then try using arnica gel or skin care products containing arnica. Arnica has powerful anti-inflammatory properties that alleviate swelling and reduce the appearance of dark under eye circles.

15. Improve Your Complexion With Ylang Ylang Oil

Natural Beauty Tips That Improve Complexion


Skip synthetic fragrances containing harmful ingredients such as phthalates. Instead, use natural fragrances in the form of pure essential oils such as ylang ylang.

In addition to having a lovely smell, Ylang Ylang Flower Oil helps balance sebum levels for both dry and oily complexions. And, it has a soothing and smoothing effect. Just add a few drops to your favorite oil blend. It’s also one of the essential oils in my favorite skin care. Here’s a great resource for more about harmful ingredients in skin care.

16. Turn Stress Into Bliss For Clear Beautiful Skin

Natural Beauty Tips For Clear Naturally Beautiful Skin


Skin issues such as premature aging, acne, eczema, rosacea, and vitiligo are worsened by chronic stress and upset. Sleep, meditation, exercise and touch are some important ways to relieve stress so you can have glowing skin, naturally. A good night’s sleep gives time for our skin to rejuvenate. Meditation and moderate exercise are known to help us manage stress. And, touch causes the release of hormones that make us feel happy and connected. If you need help here are some places for tips on sleepmeditation, and exercise.

17. Prevent Sunburns, Sun Damage And Uneven Skin Tone With Green Algae

Natural Beauty Tips To Prevent Sun Damage And Uneven Skin Tone


Sun protection is essential for healthy skin and natural beauty. While some sun may give you a sun-kissed glow, we know that too much damages your skin and predisposes you to premature aging, uneven skin tone, and other chronic diseases. My favorite sunblocks contain zinc oxide instead of harmful chemical sunscreens that have been linked to hormone disrupting effects. Here is one of my favorites.

Also, you can nourish and protect your skin from the sun’s damaging effects by using skincare with natural ingredients such as chlorella and resveratrol. Due to its high levels of chlorophyll, Chlorella Vulgaris (Green Algae) Extract, helps shields the body from UV radiation.

Also, Resveratrol has potent antioxidant effects on the skin. Because cell damage is at the root of most aging disorders, protecting the skin from free-radical activity is a significant preventative measure for healthy skin.

18. Get Natural Glowing Skin With Micronutrients

Natural Beauty Tips For Natural Glowing Skin


Your skin needs certain micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) for speedy skin repair and turnover. Zinc, vitamin A, and vitamin C are some of the important nutrients to get from food or in the form of a supplement to help ensure your skin remains healthy, especially if you have chronic skin issues such as acne, eczema and premature aging.

19. Use Aloe Vera To Transform Red Irritated Skin Into Soft Healthly Skin

Natural Beauty Tips For Soft Healthy Skin

If your skin is red and irritated, you’ll want to soothe it right away. Prolonged inflammation of your skin can cause your skin to break down collagen. Or, if you just want smooth, vibrant skin, you can also use this skin soother. Aloe Vera gel has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and healing properties, and it penetrates the skin easily to provide nourishment.

It’s terrific for soothing skin that’s been overexposed to the sun, as well as for treating minor cuts and scrapes, eczema, and acne. In most stores, the aloe you’ll find contains preservatives, fillers, and artificial ingredients. Look for pure aloe from your local health food store, or buy an aloe plant and simply slice open a leaf, extracting and saving the gel. The Spa Dr.’s Daily Essentials contains aloe, as well.

20. Super Moisturize Skin Naturally With Hyaluronic Acid

Natural Beauty Tips To Super Moisturize Skin Naturally


When we travel, are stressed, or experience extreme weather conditions, our skin can appear shriveled and dull. And, as we age, our skin becomes less resistant and may appear unhealthy. Sodium Hyaluronate (Hyaluronic acid) is a wonderful hydrophilic ingredient, which means it readily binds to water and gives super moisturizing properties.

Hyaluronic acid is found throughout the body, but it especially concentrated on the skin. Because of its high water-binding capacity, it acts as a hydrating agent and space filler. It supports collagen and elastin, by keeping them nourished and moist, reduces the appearance of wrinkles while keeping the skin soft, smooth and supple. You can find Hyaluronic acid in some natural skin care products. And you can learn more about moisturizers in this video.

21. Get An Instant, Youthful Skin Lift Using Antioxidant-Rich Natural Actives

Natural Beauty Tips For An Instant Youthful Skin Lift


Avoid the neurotoxin Botox and other more invasive procedures and look to nature instead. Antioxidant-rich and hydrating natural actives can lift and protect the skin naturally. And, one of the ingredients in quality organic skin care serums is Pullulan, which has an instant lifting effect, naturally! It is a polysaccharide produced from starch by cultivating the yeast, Aureobasidiumpullulans. It provides an antioxidant effect as well as an instant lifting effect that helps improve the overall texture and appearance of the skin. Long-term use of Pullulan will help strengthen the integrity of the skin.

22. Brighten Dull Skin Using Green Tea As A Toner

Natural Beauty Tips That Brighten Dull Skin


White and green teas applied topically on the skin have anti-inflammatory, brightening, evening, cleansing and hydrating properties. They’re ideal for using as a skin brightening tea toner. You can make a tea toner with one or both of these teas by steeping the teas for 5 minutes, allowing them to cool to room temperature. Then, either pat onto your face, apply with cotton pads or pour into a spray bottle and spritz onto clean skin. You can learn more about toners in this video.

23. Eliminate Pimples For Clear Skin With Tea Tree Oil

Natural Beauty Tips To Eliminate Pimples For Clear Skin


Tea tree oil is well-known for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, and research shows it can help reduce mild to moderate acne breakouts. Be sure to use diluted tree oil because the undiluted variety can burn and irritate skin when applied directly. Just add 1 to 2 drops to a single application of your cleanser, serum or moisturizer. You want about a 5% dilution, which means 5 drops of tea tree oil per 1 teaspoon of carrier oil or cream. You can apply this 2 – 3 times daily.

24. Use Chamomile Tea Ice Cubes To Freshen Up Tired Looking Skin

Natural Beauty Tips That Freshen Up Tired Skin


Brew a strong pot of chamomile tea (about 1.5 cups water with 1 teabag), allow to cool 10 minutes or more and then pour into ice tray and place in freezer. Once frozen, wrap the tea cube in a thin cloth or washcloth and apply to pimples, puffy under eye skin, sun-kissed skin, or irritated skin for a quick skin toner pick up. You only need to apply for a few seconds to a minute per area.

25. Clean Facial Pores With Honey, Turmeric, And Yogurt For A Smoother Complexion

Natural Beauty Tips To Clean Skin Pores


Combine the healing, clarifying, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial effects of honey with pore cleansing and sebum balancing effects of turmeric and pH enhancing and lactic acid effects of yogurt into this pore cleanser… Mix together 1 Tablespoon plain yogurt, 1 Tablespoon raw honey and 1 teaspoon turmeric powder into a paste. Apply to face and neck and leave for about 10 to 15 minutes. Then wash with cool water, pat your skin dry and apply your favorite serum and moisturizer.

26. Make A Natural Beauty Mask To Restore And Hydrate Tired Dull Skin

Natural Beauty Tips To Restore And Hydrate Tired Dull Skin


Oats have moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, and healing properties. Avocado is hydrating and nourishing, with naturally occurring vitamins A and E. And, Yogurt contains nutrients, enzymes and active cultures that help reduce inflammation and balance the pH of your skin for a healthy skin microbiome. In a bowl, blend together 1/4 cup oat flour (ground uncooked oats), 2 Tablespoons unsweetened yogurt and ¼ of an avocado. Mix well and then apply enough to cover your clean, dry face. Leave on face for 10 to 20 minutes and then remove with warm, wet washcloth, and then rinse face with water and pat dry. Use the mask once per day as needed.

6 Tips For Choosing a Web Hosting Company

6 Tips For Choosing a Web Hosting Company

Choosing a web hosting company is a vital phase in the launch of any digital project. With so many different aspects to take into consideration, ranging from security to up-time to support, it’s difficult to sift through the thousands of web hosting companies offering what […]